Saturday, September 11, 2010

Year 2 of the New Job

Well, I haven't really blogged at all since getting my job here at Southern Football School in Big College Town. The first semester last year was crazy busy, mostly due to all the prep involved in teaching a new grad course, but also due to the pleasures of taking most Saturdays off to participate in all the football hoopla. Last year, I went to 4 games and watched every other game on tv except for one when I was at a conference back home north of the 49th. The 2-2 teaching load and the football hoopla combined into a magical weekly moment that actually allowed me to take time off from work guilt-free. It's just what people do around here, and it's more crazy to try to fight it than to participate in the crazy hoopla. You just gotta go with it and have fun, which I did!

The second semester was pretty busy too, even though I was teaching two sections of a course I'd already taught before. That was on purpose so that I could spend the semester writing a hugely important conference paper (think biggest platform in my discipline) which in the longer-than-presented version has become the new conclusion to my book, so that was productive.

This summer my initial goal had been to write the first two new chapters of my book, but between the fun of being home with all my friends for the summer and the realisation of the simple reality that writing two new chapters was an overly ambitious goal, I quickly revised that down to just writing one, which I almost did. I got a good 30-some pages written and just have about 3-4 more left to go to wrap it up, but I haven't even opened the document to look at my writing since I came back to Big College Town in August.

And now football season is upon us again. Today I'm watching commentary about football on tv, then hoping to take advantage of 4 different invitations to meet up with people (3 drinking wine on the patio parties and 1 bar meet-up) all before the game at 6pm, and then off to the stadium to take in all the action, which promises to be intense. One of the big reasons I moved here was the upgrade from a 3-3 to a 2-2 load, and the reduced load really does make one helluva difference in the quality of one's life. Who knew that one could actually take a day off each weekend?!

That said, tomorrow will be back to prepping, prepping, and more prepping. I've got a new grad course this semester, which thoroughly kicks my butt each week--partly because I assigned too many readings, and partly because I'm lucky enough to have two really smart PhDs and a bunch of really eager and talkative MAs this time around, so it's a challenge keeping one step ahead of them, but always really fun and engaging. And next semester I've got yet another entirely new grad course to prep--and so far I've got nothing more than a 1-line description and a list of plays, nothing else even remotely conceived at all. Ah well, without all the football, second semester promises to yield more work time... although, I'm also co-chairing a hiring committee this year. Yikes! It will be my second time on a hiring committee, and it's always a bit weird to be on the other side of the table. Still, MLA is in L.A., so that should be fun!

Tuesday, October 20, 2009

Preservation Exercise Complete

That's it! I don't think there was anything of my own writing that was worth preserving, but at least some of those texts--which took a long time to type back in the day!--are preserved for posterity. For all I know other people could have reposted them all over the web too, in which case this copying and pasting was unnecessary, but it was quick and easy enough to do and I kinda like having some of these representations of my naïve undergrad self on here now, and a lot more of my francophone character represented here now too.

Ode to Spot - Data

Felis catis, is your taxonomic nomenclature,
an endothermic quadruped, carnivorous by nature?
Your visual, olfactory, and auditory senses
contribute to your hunting skills and natural defenses.
I find myself intrigued by your sub-vocal osculations,
a singular development of cat communications
that obviates your basic hedonistic prevalation
for a rhythmic stroking of your fur to demonstrate affection.
A tail is quite essential for your acrobatic talents;
you would not be so agile if you lacked its counter balance;
and when not being utilized to aid in locomotion,
it often serves to illustrate the state of your emotion.
Oh Spot, the complex levels of behavior you display
connote a fairly well-developed cognitive array;
and though you are not sentient, Spot, and do not comprehend,
I nonetheless consider you a true and valued friend.

Shakespeare in Star Trek

Here you will find a text taken from a very old ftp on the Net that doesn't load well anymore and which is hard to find. Full credit goes to it's author Marg Peterson. I am only reprinting it because I wanted to make sure that it didn't get lost someday.

From: petersm@jacobs.CS.ORST.EDU (Marguerite Petersen)
Newsgroups: rec.arts.startrek.misc
Subject: Shakespeare in Star Trek
Date: 1 Oct 92 09:44:55 GMT

This is a list of all the references to Shakespeare within the episodes, movies, and books of the Star Trek genre. The goal of this post is to enhance the occasional threads which appear discussing the allusions to Shakespeare in Star Trek. This posting appears monthly. Note: Only deliberate references to Shakespeare are listed below. For example, "wink of an eye" is found in The Winter's Tale, 5.2. 112, but seems to have no bearing on the episode "Wink of an Eye."

Shakespeare in Classic Star Trek

Dagger of the Mind

Macbeth 2.1.39
Surrounding Text:

Is this a dagger which I see before me,
The handle toward my hand? Come, let me clutch thee.
I have thee not, and yet I see thee still.
Art thou not, fatal vision, sensible
To feeling as to sight? Or art thou but
A dagger of the mind, a false creation,
Proceeding from the heat-oppressed brain?
I see thee yet, in form as palpable
As this which now I draw.
Thou marshall'st me the way that I was going,
And such an instrument I was to use.
Mine eyes are made the fools o' th' other senses,
Or else worth all the rest. I see thee still,
And on thy blade and dudgeon gouts of blood,
Which was not so before. There's no such thing.
It is the bloody business which informs
Thus to mine eyes.
Macbeth 2.1.34-50

The Conscience of the King

Hamlet 2.2.606
Surrounding Text:

Hum, I have heard
That guilty creatures sitting at a play
Have by the very cunning of the scene
Been struck so to the soul that presently
They have proclaimed their malefactions;
For murder, though it have no tongue, will speak
With most miraculous organ. I'll have these players
Play something like the murder of my father
Before mine uncle. I'll observe his looks;
I'll tent him to the quick.
If 'a do blench, I know my course.
The spirit that I have seen
May be the devil, and the devil hath power
T'assume a pleasing shape; yea, and perhaps
Out of my weakness and my melancholy,
As he is very potent with such spirits,
Abuses me to damn me. I'll have grounds
More relative than this. The play's the thing
Wherein I'll catch the conscience of the king.
Hamlet 2.2.589-605

"The Conscience of the King," as its title would indicate, is based largely on _Hamlet_. The basic plot is similar, and there are many plot devices which are duplicated in the episode from the play, such as the troupe of actors. Additionally, many of Shakespeare's characters find analogs in Star Trek. Here is a list of crossovers (as I see them):

Hamlet --> Kirk
Claudius --> Karidian (Kodos)
Ophelia --> Lenore
Ghost of Hamlet's Father --> Tom Leighton
This is not a comprehensive list, obviously.

The episode also contains several themes lifted from Macbeth, as one would expect since the episode opens with a scene from an "Arcturian Macbeth." The analogs (again, as I see them) are this:

Macbeth --> Karidian
Lady Macbeth --> Lenore
Macduff --> Kirk

At the beginning of the episode, Kirk and Doctor Leighton watch the Karidian Company of Actors perform a scene supposedly from Macbeth. The on-stage dialogue goes something like this:

Lady Macbeth: Is he dead? Speak. Is King Duncan dead? Macbeth: O great Neptune's ocean, wash this blood clean from my hands!
How is it . . . Blot out mine eyes!
To my knowledge, this is not from any part of Macbeth.

Toward the end of the episode, the Karidian Company of Actors performs Hamlet. Karidian, playing Hamlet's father, has the following lines (brackets indicate lines Shakespeare includes but Karidian does not):

I am thy father's spirit,
Doomed for a certain term to walk the night,
And for the day confined to fast in fires,
Till foul crimes done in my days of nature
Are burnt and purged away. But that I am forbid
To tell the secrets of my prison-house,
I could a tale unfold whose lightest word
Would harrow up thy soul, freeze thy young blood,
[Make thy two eyes, like stars, start from their spheres,
Thy knotted and combined locks to part,
And each particular hair to stand an end,
Like quills upon the fearful porpentine.
But this eternal blazon must not be spokin'
To ears of flesh and blood. List, list, O, list!
If thou didst ever thy dear father love --
Hamlet 1.5.10-24

Lenore later quotes the Soothsayer in Julius Caesar:
Caesar, beware the Ides of March.
Julius Caesar 1.2.18 & 23

And then paraphrases Fortinbras, after killing Karidian:

O proud Death,
What feast is stored in thine eternal cell,
That thou such a noble prince at a shot
So bloodily hast struck?
Fortinbras' dialogue goes like this:
O proud death,
What feast is stored in thine eternal cell,
That thou so many princes at a shot
So bloodily hast struck?
Hamlet 5.2.36-63

All Our Yesterdays

Macbeth 5.5.22
Surrounding Text:

She should have died hereafter;
There would have been time for such a word.
Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow
Creeps in this petty pace from day to day
To the last syllable of recorded time,
And all our yesterdays have lighted fools
The way to dusty death. Out, out, brief candle!
Life's but a walking shadow, a poor player
That struts and frets his hour upon the stage
And then is heard no more. It is a tale
Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury,
Signifying nothing.
Macbeth 5.5.17-28

By Any Other Name

Not a Shakespeare reference

What's in a name? That which we call a rose
By any other word would smell as sweet.
Romeo and Juliet 2.2.43-44

Kirk makes additional reference while talking with a woman as he holds out a rose-like flower and says, "As the Earth poet Shakespeare wrote, `That which we call a rose by any other name would smell as sweet.'"

Whom Gods Destroy

Marta quotes Shakespeare's eighteenth sonnet:

Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate.
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
And summer's lease hath all too short a date.
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
And often is his gold complexion dimm'd;
And every fair from fair sometimes declines,
By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd.
But thy eternal summer shall not fade
Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st;
Nor shall Death brag thou wand'rest in his shade,
When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st.
So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
So long lives this and this gives life to thee.
Sonnet 18

The ensuing dialogue goes thusly:
Garth: You wrote that!?
Marta: Yesterday, as a matter of fact.
Garth: It was written by an Earthman named Shakespeare a long time ago.
Marta: Which does not alter the fact that I wrote it again yesterday!
Perhaps this is an allusion to the Elizabethan practice of rewriting pre-existing poems and stories, using huge amounts of the same text? (It was considered bad writing not to.)

Elaan of Troyius

The plot for this episode was taken from _The Taming of the Shrew_. As with "The Conscience of the King," some of Shakespeare's characters find analogs within the episode:
Petruchio --> Kirk
Katherine --> Elaan

Shakespeare in Star Trek: The Animated Series

How Sharper than a Serpent's Tooth

King Lear 1.4.285
Surrounding Text:

Hear, Nature; hear, dear goddess, hear!
Suspend thy purpose, if thou didst intend
To make this creature fruitful!
Into her womb convey sterility;
Dry up in her the organs of increase,
And from her derogate body never spring
A babe to honor her! If she must teem,
Create her child of spleen, that it may live
And be a thwart disnatur'd torment to her!
Let it stamp wrinkles in her brow of youth,
With cadent tears fret channels in her cheeks,
Turn all her mother's pains and benefits
To laughter and contempt, that she may feel
How sharper than a serpent's tooth it is
To have a thankless child!
King Lear 1.4.272-286

Shakespeare in the Star Trek movies

Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home

McCoy quotes from Hamlet 1.4.39:

Angels and ministers of grace, defend us!

The text goes on to add:

Be thou a spirit of health or goblin damn'd,
Bring with thee airs from heaven or blasts from hell,
Be thy intents wicked or charitable,
Thou com'st in such a questionable shape
That I will speak to thee. I'll call thee Hamlet,
King, father, royal Dane. O, answer me!
Let me not burst in ignorance; but tell
Why thy canoniz'd bones, hearsed in death,
Have burst their cerements; why the sepulcher
Wherein we saw thee quietly interr'd
Hath op'd his ponderous and marble jaws
To cast thee up again. What may this mean,
That thou, dead corse, again in complete steel
Revisits thus the glimpses of the moon,
Making night hideous, and we fools of nature
So horridly to shake our disposition
With thoughts beyond the reaches of our souls?
Say, why is this? Wherefore? What should we do?

Hamlet 1.4.40-57

Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country

Hamlet 3.1.80
Surrounding Text:

To be, or not to be: that is the question:
Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer
The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune,
Or to take arms against a sea of troubles,
And by opposing end them. To die, to sleep-
No more--and by a sleep to say we end
The heart-ache and the thousand natural shocks
That flesh is heir to. 'Tis a consummation
Devoutly to be wish'd. To die, to sleep;
To sleep, perchance to dream. Ay, there's the rub,
For in that sleep of death what dreams may come
When we have shuffled off this mortal coil,
Must give us pause. There's the respect
That makes calamity of so long life.
For who would bear the whips and scorns of time,
Th' oppressor's wrong, the proud man's contumely,
The pangs of despis'd love, the law's delay,
The insolence of office, and the spurns
That patient merit of th' unworthy takes,
When he himself might his quietus make
With a bare bodkin? Who would fardels bear,
To grunt and sweat under a weary life,
But that the dread of something after death,
The undiscover'd country from whose bourn
No traveler returns, puzzles the will,
And makes us rather bear those ills we have
Than fly to others that we know not of?
Thus conscience does make cowards of us all;
And thus the native hue of resolutions
Is sicklied o'er with the pale cast of thought,
And enterprises of great pith and moment
With this regard their currents turn awry,
And lose the name of action.
Hamlet 3.1.77-83
Note: a "fardle" is a burden.

In addition to the title of the movie, the following make further reference to Hamlet's soliloquy:

Chancellor Gorkon
- When he toasts to "The undiscovered country."

General Chang
- Just before the photon torpedo hits his ship

Many have criticized the movie's use of "the undiscovered country" in applying it to the future rather than death. Yet change is death--the death of that which is familiar to us. Like Hamlet, Kirk asks himself, "To be or not to be." If the Federation allies itself with the Klingon Empire, it will be the death of the universe as he knows it. It could, in fact, be disastrous: "ills that we know not of" might await the Federation should peace be made. The undiscovered country could be too agonizing, so it is safer to cling on to the "ills we have, [rather] than fly to others that we know not of."
Of course, the undiscovered country may also be wonderful beyond description. That is the dilemma Hamlet faced, and it is also the dilemma which Kirk faces, though (like Hamlet) Kirk does not face this possibility for some time, preferring to cling on to the familiar ills of war and hatred.
As viewers, we are quite aware of just what lies in the undiscovered country Kirk was so afraid of. We have seen the next generation of explorers (even if they never explore anything). I find it amusing that the "ills we know not of" happen to be seen weekly as Star Trek: The Next Generation. A part of me just can't help but wonder if that dig was intentional.

Further references to Shakespeare:

As the Klingons leave the Enterprise, Chang says:

- "Parting is such sweet sorrow."
Romeo and Juliet 2.2.184

-"Have we not heard the chimes at midnight?"
2 Henry IV 3.2.212 [paraphrase]

During the trial scene, Chang says:

- "Let us sit upon the ground
And tell sad stories of the death of kings:
Richard II 3.2.155-56

And during the final show-down, Chang says:
- "Once more into the breach, dear friends."
Henry V 3.1.1

- "There's a divinity that shapes our ends
Rough-hew them how we will--"
Hamlet 5.2.10-11

- "This above all: to thine own self be true."
Hamlet 1.3.78

- "If you have tears, prepare to shed them now."
Julius Caesar 3.2.168

- "How long will a man lie in space ere he rot?"
Hamlet 5.1.163 [paraphrase]

- "Our revels now are ended."
The Tempest 3.1.148

- "Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer
The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune,
Or to take arms against a sea of troubles . . ."
Hamlet 3.1.58-60

- "Hath not a Klingon hands, organs . . . affections, passions? Tickle us, do we not laugh? Prick us, do we not bleed? Wrong us, shall we not revenge?"
Merchant of Venice 3.1.56-63 [paraphrase]

- "I am constant as the northern star."
Julius Caesar 3.1.60

- "The game's afoot."
Henry V 3.1.32

- "Cry 'havoc!' and let slip the dogs of war."
Julius Caesar 3.1.274

- "To be or not to be."
Hamlet 3.1.57

[Whew! Sure was a blabber-mouth, wasn't he?]
Chang also claims that Shakespeare is best understood when read in the original Klingon. Anyone have a .gif of what the Bard would look like with a bony forehead?

Shakespeare in Star Trek: The Next Generation

Encounter at Farpoint

Picard says, "Kill all the lawyers!"

The reference is 2 Henry VI 4.2.74:
The first thing we do, let's kill all the lawyers.
2 Henry VI 4.2.74

The Naked Now

Data says, "When you prick me do I not ... leak?"

The reference is to Merchant of Venice 3.1.60-61:
I am a Jew. Hath not a Jew eyes? Hath not a Jew hands, organs, dimensions, senses, affections, passions? Fed with the same food, hurt with the same weapons, subject to the same diseases, heal'd by the same means, warm'd and cool'd by the same winter and summer, as a Christian is? If you prick us, do we not bleed?
Merchant of Venice 3.1.55-61

Hide and Q

Q says, "All the galaxy's a stage," to which Picard replies:

"World, not galaxy, all the world's a stage."
The reference is As You Like It 2.7.

The passage adds:
All the world's a stage,
And all the men and women merely players.
They have their exits and their entrances,
And one man in his time plays many parts,
His acts being seven stages. At first the infant,
Mewling and puking in the nurse's arms.
Then the whining school-boy, with his satchel
And shining morning face, creeping like snail
Unwillingly to school. And then the lover,
Sighing like furnace, with a woeful ballad
Made to his mistress' eyebrow. Then a soldier,
Full of strange oaths and bearded like the pard,
Jealous in honor, sudden and quick in quarrel,
Seeking the bubble reputation
Even in the cannon's mouth. And then the justice,
In fair round belly with good capon lin'd,
With eyes severe and beard of formal cut,
Full of wise saws and modern instances;
And so he plays his part. The sixth age shifts
Into the lean and slipper'd pantaloon,
With spectacles on nose and pouch on side,
His youthful hose, well sav'd, a world too wide
For his shrunk shank; and his big manly voice,
Turning again toward childish treble, pipes
And whistles in his sound. Last scene of all,
That ends this strange eventful history,
Is second childishness and mere oblivion,
Sans teeth, sans eyes, sans everything.
As You Like It 2.7.139-65

Later on in the episode, Picard says, "Oh, I know Hamlet, and what he might say with irony, I say with conviction:

What a piece of work is man! How noble in reason, how infinite in faculties,in form and moving how express and admirable, in action how like an angel, in apprehension how like a god!
Hamlet 2.2.304-308

The Defector

While on the holodeck, Data performs a scene from Henry V, when the King mingles with his troops shortly before the Battle of Agincourt.

Originally written for the King and three soldiers (Court, Williams, and Bates), the author of the episode combined Court and Williams into one role, represented here as Williams. Williams, incidentally, was played by Shakespearean actor Patrick Stewart. Here is the text used in "The Defector," courtesy of Pat Berry (line markation is noted when text is cut):

(84) Brother John Bates, is not that the morning which breaks yonder?
I think it be. But we have no great cause to desire
(87) the approach of day.
(89)Who's there?
A friend.
Under what captain serve you?
Under Sir Thomas Erpingham.
I pray you, what thinks he of our estate?
Even as men wrack'd upon a sand, that look to be wash'd off the next tide.
He hath not told his thought to the King?
No, nor it is not meet he should. For, though I speak it to you, I think the King is but a man, as I
(100) am. The violet smells to him as it doth to me;
(103) in his nakedness he appears but a man.
(106) Therefore, his fears, out of doubt, be of the same relish as ours are. Yet, no man should possess him with any appearance of fear, lest he, by showing it, should dishearten his army.
He may show what outward courage he will; but I believe, as cold a night as 'tis, he could wish himself
(113) in Thames up to the neck.
(124) Methinks I could not die anywhere so contented as in the King's company, his cause being just and his quarrel honorable.
That's more than we know.
(128) Or more than we should seek after;
(130) If his cause be wrong, our obedience to the king wipes the crime of it out of us.
But if the cause be not good, the King himself hath a heavy reckoning to make, when all those legs and arms and heads, chopp'd off in a battle, shall join together at the latter day and cry all, "We died at
(136) such a place."
(154) The King is not bound to answer the particular endings of his soldiers, the father of his son, nor the master of his servant.
Henry V 4.1.84-157

Later in the episode, Picard quotes from Williams' speech:
Now, if these men do not die well, it will be a black matter for the King that led them to it.
Henry V 4.1.142-144

Sins of the Father

Merchant of Venice 3.5.1-2
Surrounding Text:

Yes, truly, for, look you, the sins of the father are to be laid upon the children; therefore I promise you, I fear you. I was always plain with you, and so now I speak my agitation of the matter. Therefore be o' good cheer, for truly I think you are damn'd. There is but one hope in it that can do you any good, and that is but a kind of bastard hope neither.
Merchant of Venice 3.5.1-7

Menage a Troi

Picard sets about wooing Lwaxana Troi back from Daimon Tog. In the process, he delivers a Shakespeare mish-mash that would make the Duke of _Huckleberry Finn_ proud:

My love is a fever, longing still for that which longer nurseth the disease.
{Sonnet 147}

In faith, I do not love thee with mine eyes,
For they in thee a thousand errors see.
But 'tis my heart that loves what they despise,
Who in despite of view are pleased to dote.
{Sonnet 141}

Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate.
{Sonnet 18}

Let me not... [Tog and Lwaxana drown Picard out.]
{Sonnet 116}

When I have plucked the rose,
I cannot give it vital growth again.
It needs must wither.
{Othello 5.2.13-15}

'Tis better to have loved and lost,
than never to have loved at all!
{Not a Shakespeare reference}

Remember Me

Hamlet 2.5.89-92 & 111-113

Fare thee well at once.
The glow worm shows the matin to be near,
And 'gins to pale his uneffectual fire.
Adieu, adieu, adieu! Remember me.

O all you host of heaven! O earth! What else?
And shall I couple hell? O, fie! Hold, hold, my heart,
And you, my sinews, grow not instant old,
But bear me stiffly up. Remember thee!
Ay, thou poor ghost, whiles memory holds a seat In this
distracted globe. Remember thee!
Yea, from the table of my memory
I'll wipe away all trivial fond records,
All saws of books, all forms, all pressures past
That youth and observation copied there,
And thy commandment all alone shall live
Within the book and volume of my brain,
Unmix'd with baser matter. Yes, by heaven!
O, most pernicious woman!
O villain, villain, smiling, damned villain!
My tables--meet it is I set it down,
That one may smile, and smile, and be a villain.
At least I am sure it may be so in Denmark.
So, uncle, there you are. Now to my word;
It is "Adieu, adieu! Remember me."
I have sworn 't.
Hamlet 1.5.89-113

Shakespeare in the Star Trek novels


There are references a'plenty to Romeo and Juliet in this one, with at least one quote I caught. After the aborted battle, Picard says, "A plague on both your houses!" Don't expect this to shed any light on the book since the guy who says this is Mercutio, and he dies a few minutes later.

A plague o' both your houses! I am sped.
Is he gone, and hath nothing?
Romeo and Juliet 3.1.90-91

Perchance to Dream

Hamlet 3.1.66

To be, or not to be, that is the question:
Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer
The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune,
Or to take arms against a sea of troubles,
And by opposing end them.
To die, to sleep-
No more--and by a sleep to say we end
The heart-ache and the thousand natural shocks
That flesh is heir to. 'Tis a consummation
Devoutly to be wish'd. To die, to sleep;
To sleep, perchance to dream. Ay, there's the rub,
For in that sleep of death what dreams may come
When we have shuffled off this mortal coil,
Must give us pause.
Hamlet 3.1.57-69

Miscellaneous Shakespeareana related to Star Trek

Both William Shatner and Patrick Stewart were trained as Shakespearean actors. The problem with Shatner's acting is that he apparently has never made the transition in style from stage acting to television acting. His overacting and wild motions work fine on stage, just not as well on a TV set where the camera picks up every move much better.

Patrick Stewart did a stint with the Royal Shakespeare Company, and has also done productions of Shakespeare and led acting workshops with a Univ. of California-based acting troupe known as ACTER, of which he remains an executive member. Stewart also appeared in a number of the BBC productions, including The Merchant of Venice and Hamlet. Chances are, a good library would have videotapes of these. A few of the crummier ones may also have copies.

Patrick Stewart has also appeared for several summers on the UC Santa Cruz campus with the Shakespeare Santa Cruz group. (Thanks to Susan Stockwell for this info.)

Patrick Stewart played Shylock in a 1978 Royal Shakespeare Company production of The Merchant of Venice at The Other Place. He wrote an essay on the production which can be found in Players of Shakespeare, edited by Philip Brockbank.

Gene Roddenberry was a Shakespeare fan.

William Shakespeare was a Roddenberry fan.

The character Captain Picard is a Shakespeare fan, probably due to Stewart's own enthusiasm for the Bard.

General Chang, the Shakespeare-quoting Klingon from Star Trek VI, was played by Christopher Plummer. Plummer is an accomplished Shakespearean actor. He played Macbeth in a 1988 Broadway production of the play.

William Shatner holds Sir Laurence Olivier as his favorite performer because of the late actor's technical skill and ability to project emotion. Olivier continues to be revered as the greatest modern Shakespearean actor. I suggest Kenneth Braggnah.

All Shakespeare quotes are taken from _The Complete Works of Shakespeare_, edited by David Bevington, third edition.

Posted by Marg Petersen.

Quelques citations littéraires

Quelques citations littéraires que j'aimais bien en 1998... on peut changer en tant qu'individu, mais la quête de la liberté continue...

Tout homme plus juste que ses prochains forme déjà cette majorité d'une personne.
Any man more right than his neighbors constitutes a majority of one already.
La désobéisance civile / Civil disobedience - Henry David Thoreau

Et ne m'en veux pas si
je te tutoie
Je dis tu à tous ceux
que j'aime
Barbara - Jacques Prévert

Nul n'est plus esclave que celui qui se croit libre sans l'être.

D'ici là, sans repos ni halte, en communauté de sentiment avec les assoiffés d'un mieux être, sans crainte des longues échéances, dans l'encouragement ou la persécution, nous poursuivrons dans la joie notre sauvage besoin de libération.
Refus Global - Paul-Émile Borduas